Toxic and Metabolic Disorders

Toxic and Metabolic Disorders

What are toxic and metabolic disorders? 

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Toxic and metabolic disorders are caused by toxins and nutritional diseases, respectively. Both of these conditions within the brain are quite common. Unlike most of the body, which can fall back on fat (and in extreme circumstances) protein stores in times of food shortage, the brain is unable to use anything to create energy except for glucose and its storage form, glycogen. This restrictiveness means that the brain is particularly susceptible to alterations in metabolism and exposure to toxins. You may think that the whole brain would be affected by these diseases, however, that is not the case: some parts of the brain are more vulnerable to these changes than others.




What are the types of metabolic disorders? 

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The types of metabolic disorders include the following:

  • Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Hepatic encephalopathy

What are the toxins that can lead to disorders of the brain? 

The list of the types of toxins that can affect the brain is extensive: the most common ones include the following:

  • Heavy metals
  • Industrial chemicals
  • Environmental pollutants
  • Ethanol
  • Drugs
  • Ionising radiation