What are congenital malformations and perinatal brain injuries?
Congenital malformations and perinatal brain injuries are formations that take place in utero (when the baby is developing within the womb). Congenital malformations in the brain are often accompanied by other conditions and tends to happen in about a hundredth of the population. Perinatal brain injuries tend to cause failures in development of the central nervous system or tissue destruction. These two conditions are brought on by both genetic and environmental factors.
What are the types of malformations that can happen congenitally?
There are four categories of malformations that can occur, and they are the following:
What are the types of perinatal brain injury?
There are also four types of perinatal injuries, and they are the following:
- Cerebral palsy
- Intraparenchymal haemorrhage (which I’ve discussed in the page Brain Haemorrhages
- Periventricular leukomalacia
- Multicystic encephalopathy