Cerebrovascular diseases involve the blood vessels of the brain, and they can fall under three separate categories: hypoxia (lack of oxygen), ischemia (lack of oxygen to the organs) and infarction (blockage caused by a thrombus or embolus). You may know of cerebrovascular diseases as ‘strokes’: that is the clinical term generally used to describe these conditions.
Diseases that fall under this category include:
- Global cerebral ischemia
- Focal cerebral ischemia
- Intracranial haemorrhage
- Subarachnoid haemorrahge and saccular aneurysms
- Vascular malformations (AVM)
- Hypertensive cerebrovascular disease