Brain pathology can come in several forms, and they are all quite detrimental in their own way. Since the brain is very important to the health of everyone, any brain disease should be treated with urgency. Unfortunately, injuries to the brain are often exacerbated by the very thing that helps to protect the brain in normal circumstances: the skull. This can often lead to haematoma, which I’ll describe in more detail in the page labelled Haematomas.
There are three specific types of cerebrovascular (blood/brain) diseases:
- Hypoxia (loss of oxygen)
- Ischemia (blockage of blood vessel)
- Infarction (necrosis/death of tissue)
There are several other types of brain pathology. Infections to the brain are fairly common. I’ll be briefly tackling all the common infectious agents in question; some of these bugs are designed specifically to attack the brain whereas others are common in the body. For more information, see the page labelled Infections to the Brain.
The brain is normally protected by both the skull and the meninges, but it can suffer from trauma: I’ll be discussing this in Traumatic Injuries.
Tumours within the brain have different prognoses depending on several factors, and I’ll be discussing these in the page labelled Brain Tumours. These include familial tumour syndromes such as neurofibromatosis, von Hippel-Lindau syndrome and tuberous sclerosis. I’ll be tackling the familial tumour syndromes separately in the page entitled Familial Tumour Syndromes.
Additionally, I’ll be going over myelin-related diseases. Some of these are rather famous, such as Huntington’s, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, and others are somewhat less well known like Guillain-Barre. These diseases will be discussed in the page Degenerative Diseases.